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[96] His wife, the Queen, gave him the title Lord High Admiral for his 90th birthday. 264–267. [89] Philip is also the oldest ever male member of the British royal family, and the third longest-lived following Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. Philip's mother was eventually committed to a psychiatric institution while his father relocated to the south of France, maintaining limited contact with the rest of the family. [71], When addressing the Duke of Edinburgh, as with any male member of the royal family except the monarch, the rules of etiquette are to address him the first time as Your Royal Highness, and thereafter as Sir. The engagement was announced to the public on 10 July 1947. I never thought I'd see such a thing", "Prince Philip at 90 on a lifetime of speaking his mind", "Prince Philip right to have a dig at Durie", "AM – Prince Philip reminded of blunders on his 85th birthday", "Prince Philip Has a Mouthful Of a Title. The military government arrested Prince Andrew, and in December, a revolutionary court banished him from Greece for life. Help mee! Edward, Earl of Wessex is the youngest child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. [8] Philip, who in his youth was known for his charm, was linked to a number of women, including Osla Benning. He was baptised in the Greek Orthodox rite at St. George's Church in the Old Fortress in Corfu. Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark was born in Mon Repos on the Greek island of Corfu on 10 June 1921, the only son and fifth and final child of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg. After being educated in France, Germany, and the United Kingdom, he joined the British Royal Navy in 1939, aged 18. Many of Philip's family members remained in Germany, including his sisters, who married into German aristocratic circles. [67] In 1952, he became patron of The Industrial Society (since renamed The Work Foundation). The Queen and Philip hosted a meeting between Charles and Diana, trying to effect a reconciliation, but without success. [35], Though Philip appeared "always to have regarded himself as an Anglican",[36] and he had attended Anglican services with his classmates and relations in England and throughout his Royal Navy days, he had been baptised in the Greek Orthodox Church. [87] Philip told William, "If you don't walk, I think you'll regret it later. Shortly after his birth, his maternal grandfather, Prince Louis of Battenberg, died in London. [14] Philip had little contact with his mother for the remainder of his childhood. From July 1939, he began corresponding with the 13-year-old Princess Elizabeth, whom he had first met in 1934. Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich, also known as Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, is the only son of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg. Philip is also related to the House of Romanov through both of his parents. A year after the divorce, Diana was killed in a car crash in Paris on 31 August 1997. Met haar kreeg hij vier kinderen: Bij zijn huwelijk kreeg hij de titel Hertog van Edinburgh, sindsdien staat hij officieel bekend als Zijne Koninklijke Hoogheid de Hertog van Edinburgh. [60][61] Any part of the allowance that is not used to meet official expenditure is liable for tax. [149], Philip has been portrayed by several actors including Stewart Granger (The Royal Romance of Charles and Diana, 1982), Christopher Lee (Charles & Diana: A Royal Love Story, 1982), David Threlfall (The Queen's Sister, 2005), James Cromwell (The Queen, 2006), and Matt Smith, Finn Elliot and Tobias Menzies (The Crown, 2016 onwards). [24], On 1 February 1941,[25] Philip was commissioned as a sub-lieutenant after a series of courses at Portsmouth, in which he gained the top grade in four out of five sections of the qualifying examination. Prince Philip has eight grandchildren: Prince William, Duke of Cambridge; Prince Henry of Wales; Peter Phillips; Zara Tindall; Princess Beatrice of York; Princess Eugenie of York; Lady Louise Windsor; and James, Viscount Severn. [81] Charles felt pressured by his father to make a decision and did so, proposing to Diana in February. https://www.biography.com/royalty/prince-philip. Menary later said: "I think he just tries to put people at ease by trying to make a joke. In honor of his 90th birthday, in 2011, the Daily Mirror published a list of "90 classic gaffes" that were attributed to Philip over the years. [71] Philip was appointed to the Queen's Privy Council for Canada on 14 October 1957, taking his Oath of Allegiance before the Queen in person at her Canadian residence, Rideau Hall. [120][121] On 14 February the Crown Prosecution Service announced that prosecuting Philip would not be in the public interest. Brandreth, pp. [44] Philip, like his sons Charles and Andrew and other royals (with the exception of the 1st Earl of Snowdon), ceased to be members of the House of Lords following the House of Lords Act 1999. [63] Philip was not crowned in the service, but knelt before Elizabeth, with her hands enclosing his, and swore to be her "liege man of life and limb". In 1981, he pressured his son Charles to either wed or leave Lady Diana Spencer (Princess Diana). Strong colours, vigorous brushstrokes. Philip suggested House of Edinburgh, after his ducal title. On 12 April his daughter, Princess Anne, spent about 50 minutes in the hospital and afterwards said her father was "on good form". Philip werd geboren als Prins Phílippos van Griekenland en Denemarken (Grieks: Φίλιππος), als een zoon van Prins Andreas en Prinses Alice van Battenberg. Who Is … He was presented with Royal Air Forcewings in 1953. A keen sports enthusiast, Philip helped develop the equestrian event of carriage driving. Having previously dealt with such ailments as a blocked coronary artery and a bladder infection, in early June 2013, days before his 92nd birthday, Prince Philip underwent exploratory abdominal surgery. "Arms of Greece surmounted by an inescutcheon of the arms of Denmark; and over all in the first quarter the arms of Princess Alice, daughter of Queen Victoria, viz, the Royal Arms differenced with a label of three points argent, the middle point charged with a rose gules and each of the others with an ermine spot. [31], In 1939, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth toured the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth. 407–408; Heald, pp. Van zijn vaders kant was hij eigenlijk uit de familie Sleeswijk-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. [122] The Duke is still allowed to drive around private estates, and was seen behind the wheel in the grounds of Windsor Castle in April 2019. Since then, Philip has received 17 different appointments and decorations in the Commonwealth, and 48 from foreign states. The commanding officer of the army, General Georgios Hatzianestis, and five senior politicians, were arrested, tried, and executed in the Trial of the Six. The Philippines are named after him. During the invasion of Sicily, in July 1943, as second in command of Wallace, he saved his ship from a night bomber attack. He is known for his military service and charitable work. [100][101] He was released from hospital on 9 June. As chairman of the Coronation Commission, he was the first member of the royal family to fly in a helicopter, visiting the troops that were to take part in the ceremony. [113] That October, he accompanied the Queen to the wedding of their granddaughter Princess Eugenie to Jack Brooksbank,[114] with The Daily Telegraph reporting that Philip works on a "wake up and see how I feel" basis when deciding whether to attend an event or not. "[146], During a state visit to China in 1986, in a private conversation with British students from Xi'an's North West University, Philip joked, "If you stay here much longer, you'll go slit-eyed. The king agreed, provided that any formal engagement was delayed until Elizabeth's 21st birthday. [33], Eventually, in the summer of 1946, Philip asked the King for his daughter's hand in marriage. In April 2018, after he missed the traditional Maundy and Easter services, Prince Philip was admitted to King Edward VII Hospital in London for hip replacement surgery. [64], In the early 1950s, his sister-in-law, Princess Margaret, considered marrying a divorced older man, Peter Townsend. And, Often, His Foot", "Duke of Edinburgh gaffes by mocking blind boy", "The Crown: Tobias Menzies cast as new Prince Philip", "The British Novelist Who Turned A Class System Upside Down", "Royalty – Debrett's Guide to British Behaviour", "The Duke of York is appointed Colonel of the Grenadier Guards", "The Duke of Edinburgh appointed Lord High Admiral", "PM announces the appointment of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh to the highest ranks of the Canadian Armed Forces", "Queen grants new honour to Prince Philip for 70th wedding anniversary", The Duke of Edinburgh at the Royal Family website, Newspaper clippings about Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh, Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, Grand Master of the Order of the British Empire, Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom, Margarita, Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Cecilie, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine, Sophie, Princess George William of Hanover, Order of precedence in the United Kingdom (gentlemen), Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament, Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn, Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, Prince Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale, Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany and of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick, Alastair, 2nd Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Johann Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Chancellors of the University of Cambridge, Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, Alice, Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark, Dukes in the peerages of Britain and Ireland, Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prince_Philip,_Duke_of_Edinburgh&oldid=988966562, Naturalised citizens of the United Kingdom, Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, Fellows of the Royal Society (Statute 12), Honorary fellows of the Royal Microscopical Society, Presidents of the Smeatonian Society of Civil Engineers, Chancellors of the University of Edinburgh, Presidents of the Marylebone Cricket Club, Presidents of the Zoological Society of London, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox military person with embed, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2020, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 08:20. As with Townsend, the press still portrayed divorce as a scandal and eventually Parker resigned. Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark,[1] 10 June 1921),[fn 1] is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms. "Living off the State, A critical guide to UK Royal Finance", Jon Temple, 2nd edition 2012, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Starkey, speaking on BBC News Radio Four, 10 June 2011, Letter of 4 June 1999 quoted in Brandreth, p. 46. 176–178, Alexandra, p. 42; Heald, p. 34. In practice, the entire allowance is used to fund his official duties. Philip married Queen Elizabeth II before her ascension to the British throne in 1952. [2] He is the longest-serving consort of a reigning British monarch and the oldest ever male member of the British royal family. [83] Philip wrote to Diana, expressing his disappointment at both Charles's and her extra-marital affairs, and asking her to examine both his and her behaviour from the other's point of view. He played polo until 1971 and has competed in carriage and boat racing, with piloting airplanes, oil painting and art collecting also among his hobbies. [142], The historian David Starkey described him as a kind of "HRH Victor Meldrew". Eade, pp. The operation was successful, and the prince was discharged from the hospital eight days later. On the morning of the wedding, Philip became the Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich. Prince Philip Birth Date June 10, 1921 (age 99) Education Schule Schloss Salem, Gordonstoun School, Cheam School Place of Birth Corfu, Greece Zodiac Sign Gemini. In 1992, he said that he "could understand a certain amount". Philip and Elizabeth heard the news of his death while traveling in Kenya. [21] In June 1942, he was appointed to the V and W-class destroyer and flotilla leader HMS Wallace, which was involved in convoy escort tasks on the east coast of Britain, as well as the Allied invasion of Sicily. "[54], On 8 February 1960, several years after the death of Queen Mary and the resignation of Churchill as prime minister, the Queen issued an Order in Council declaring that Mountbatten-Windsor would be the surname of her and her husband's male-line descendants who are not styled as Royal Highness or titled as prince or princess.

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